General surgery

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During surgery
With the patient after an operation Theatre

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Nile International Hospital department of surgery is comprised of certified surgeons who provide evaluation and treatment for a full range of general surgery conditions and procedures. We perform both elective and emergency surgeries.

The breadth of our surgical services include; but not limited to:
• Appendectomy
• Open/laparoscopic hernia repair (Inguinal,Umbilical, Incisional hernia)
• Hemorrhoidectomy
• Thyroidectomy
• Laparoscopic cholescectomy
• Lipoma excision
• Biopsy
• Endoscopy (Colonoscopy and gastroscopy)
• Retroperitoneal lymph node excision
• Laparoscopic spleenectomy

 

Laparascopic surgery

This is a minimally invasive approach to surgery. Laparoscopic procedures afford patients the benefits of smaller incisions, less pain, less bleeding, fewer heart, lung and wound complications and also shorter hospital stay

Endoscopy

A technique in which an endoscope is used to examine an internal organ or tissue, it can be inserted into body openings or places where incisions have been done. The areas which can be examined by an endoscope include the gastrointestinal tract, the respiratory tract, ear (otoscope), urinary tract (cystoscopy), female reproductive tract(gynoscopy), and places like the knee when a small incision has been made.

Endoscopyis used for investigation or body organs and tracts, treatment e.g removal of a polyp, complete biopsies so as to confirm a diagnosis of cancer or other diseases and imaging of internal organs like the pancreas. A typical endoscope consists of a tube, light, lens, eyepiece and an additional channel.

Hernia

A hernia is a condition in which part of an organ is displaced and protrudes through the wall of the cavity containing it. The most common types of hernias include inguinal hernias, hiatal hernias, umbilical hernias and incisional hernias.

Surgery is the most common treatment for hernia

What causes a hernia?

Muscle weakness and strain which may be caused by constipation, severe coughing or sneezing, heavy weight lifting, pregnancy etc.

Symptoms of a hernia

The most common symptom of a hernia is a swelling or a bulge in the affected area which you can touch and feel, for an inguinal hernia, it gets bigger when you stand.

For babies you may only be able to feel the hernia when they are crying.

In inguinal hernias, pain in the lower abdomen when coughing, bending or lifting, weakness, a burning or aching at the site of a bulge.

Hiatal hernias

This occurs when part of your stomach protrudes into the chest through the diaphragm; it is most common in patients that are over 50 years. It is characterized by heartburns, chest pain and difficulty in swallowing.

Diagnosis of hernia

In case of inguinal hernia, the doctor checks for a bulge in the abdomen or groin that gets bigger when you stand or cough.

In case of a hiatal hernia, the doctor may use endoscopy or barium x-ray.

Appendectomy

Surgical removal of the appendix, a common treatment for appendicitis

Symptoms of appendicitis

  • swelling of the abdomen
  • pain near the belly button
  • rigid abdominal muscles
  • constipation
  • diarrhoea
  • nausea and vomiting
  • loss of appetite
  • low-grade fever

Splenectomy

Surgical removal of the spleen

When is splenectomyrecommended?

It may be recommended because of any of the following

  • Tumour: Non-cancerous tumours inside the spleen may require surgery when they become large
  • Infection
  • Cyst or tumour
  • Enlarged spleen
  • Some types of cancer like hairy cell leukemia
  • Blood disorder like sickle cell anemia

Cholecystectomy

Surgical removal of the gall bladder

It may be carried out because of one of the following

  • Gall stones in the gall bladder (cholelithiasis) or bile duct (choledoncholinthiasis)
  • Cholecystitis
  • Pancreatic inflammation (Pancreatitis)

Hemorrhoids

Hemorrhoids are swollen veins in the wall of the anus. This condition in some cases is not so severe and can go on its own although in other cases surgical measures or medicines can be recommended.

Treatment of Hemorrhoids:

Medicines, simple incisions and hemorrhoidectomy (surgical removal of hemorrhoids)

Thyroidectomy

Surgical removal of the thyroid gland, it is mainlydone to treat goiter

Lipoma excision

Lipoma is a painless and non-malignant tumour of fatty tissue. Lipoma excision is the cutting out or removal of this tissue by surgery.